Tag Archives: World

Happy Birthday!!

9 Mar

Below are ‘Happy Birthday’s from around the world…

Afrikaans: Veels geluk met jou verjaarsdag!

Albanian: Urime ditelindjen!

Alsatian: Gueter geburtsdaa!

Amharic: Melkam lidet!

Arab: Eid milaad saeed! or Kul sana wa inta/i tayeb/a! (masculine/feminine)

Armenian: Taredartzet shnorhavor! or Tsenund shnorhavor!

Assyrian: Eida D’moladukh Hawee Brikha!

Austrian-Viennese: Ois guade winsch i dia zum Gbuadsdog!

Aymara (Bolivia): Suma Urupnaya Cchuru Uromankja!

Azerbaijani: Ad gununuz mubarek! — for people older than you /Ad gunun mubarek! — for people
younger than you

Basque: Zorionak!

Belauan-Micronesian: Ungil el cherellem!

Bengali (Bangladesh/India): Shuvo Jonmodin!

Bicol (Philippines): Maogmang Pagkamundag!

Bislama (Vanuatu): Hapi betde! or Yumi selebretem de blong bon blong yu!

Brazil :ParabŽns a voc! ParabŽns a voc, nesta data querida muitas felicidades e muitos anos de vida.

Breton: Deiz-ha-bloaz laouen deoc’h!

Bulgarian: Chestit Rojden Den!

Cambodian: Som owie nek mein aryouk yrinyu!

Catalan: Per molts anys! or Bon aniversari! or Moltes Felicitats!

Chamorro: Biba Kumplianos!

Chinese-Cantonese: Sun Yat Fai Lok!

Chinese: Fuzhou San Ni Kuai Lo!

Chiness-Hakka: Sang Ngit Fai Lok!

Chinese-Mandarin: qu ni sheng er kuai le

Chinese-Shanghaiese: San ruit kua lok!

Chinese-Tiociu: Se Jit khuai lak!

Chronia: Polla NA ZHSHS

Croatian: Sretan Rodendan!

Czech: Vsechno nejlepsi k Tvym narozeninam!!

Danish: Tillykke med fodselsdagen!

Belanda-Antwerps: Ne gelukkege verjoardach!

Belanda-Bilzers: Ne geleukkege verjoardoag!

Belanda-Drents: Fellisiteert!

Nederland-Flemish: Gelukkige verjaardag! or Prettige verjaardag!

Nederland-Frisian: Fan herte lokwinske!

Nederland-Limburgs: Proficiat! or Perfisia!

Nederland-Spouwers: Ne geleukkege verjeurdoag!

Nederland-Twents: Gefeliciteard met oen’n verjoardag!

Nederland: Hartelijk gefeliciteerd! or Van harte gefeliciteerd met je verjaardag!

Eglish: Happy Birthday!

Esperanto: Felichan Naskightagon!

Estonian: Palju onne sunnipaevaks!

Euskera: Zorionak zure urtebetetze egunean!

Faroes ( Faroe island ): Tillukku vid fodingardegnum!

Farsi: Tavalodet Mobarak!

Finnish: Hyvaa syntymapaivaa!

Perancis: (Canada) Bonne Fete!

Perancis: Joyeux Anniversaire!

Frisian: Lokkiche jierdei!

Gaelic (Irish): L‡ breithe mhaith agat!

Gaelic (Scottish): Co` latha breith sona dhuibh!

Galician (Spain): Ledicia no teu cumpreanos!

Georgian: Gilotcav dabadebis dges!

Jerman-Badisch: Allis Guedi zu dim Fescht!

Jerman-Bavarian: Ois Guade zu Deim Geburdstog!

Jerman-Berlinisch: Allet Jute ooch zum Jeburtstach! or Ick wuensch da allet Jute zum Jeburtstach!

Jerman-Bernese: Es Muentschi zum Geburri!

Jerman-Camelottisch: Ewllews Gewtew zewm Gewbewrtstewg. Mew!

Jerman-Frankonian: Allmecht! Iich wuensch Dir aan guuadn Gebuardsdooch!

Jerman-Lichtenstein: Haerzliche Glueckwuensche zum Geburtstag!

Jerman-Moselfraenkisch: Haezzlische Glickwunsch zem Gebordsdach!

Jerman-Plattdeutsch: Ick wuensch Di allns Gode ton Geburtsdach!

Jerman-Rhoihessisch: Ich gratelier Dir aach zum Geburtstag!

Jerman-Ruhr: Allet Gute zum Gebuatstach!

Jerman-Saarlaendisch: Alles Gudde for dei Gebordsdaach!

Jerman-Saechsisch: Herzlischen Gliggwunsch zum Geburdsdaach!

Jerman-Schwaebisch: Aelles Guade zom Gebordzdag!

Jerman-Wienerisch: Ois Guade zum Geburdsdog!

Jerman: Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!

Yunani: Eytyxismena Genethlia! or Chronia Pola!

Greenlandic: Inuuinni pilluarit!

Gronings (Netherlands): Fielsteerd mit joen verjoardag!

Gujarati (India): Janma Divas Mubarak!

Gujrati (Pakistan): Saal Mubarak!

Guarani (Paraguay Indian):] Vy-Apave Nde Arambotyre!

Hawaiian: Hau`oli la hanau!

Hebrew: Yom Huledet Same’ach!

Hiligaynon (Philippines): Masadya gid nga adlaw sa imo pagkatawo!

Hindi (India): Janam Din ki badhai! or Janam Din ki shubkamnaayein!

Hungarian: Boldog szuletesnapot! or Isten eltessen!

Icelandic: Til hamingju med afmaelisdaginn!

Indonesia: Selamat Ulang Tahun!

Irish-gaelic: La-breithe mhaith agat! or Co` latha breith sona dhut! Or Breithla Shona Dhuit!

Italian: Buon Compleanno!

Italian (Piedmont): Bun Cumpleani!

Italian (Romagna): At faz tent avguri ad bon cumplean!

Japanese: Otanjou-bi Omedetou Gozaimasu!

Javaans-Indonesia: Slamet Ulang Taunmoe!

Jerriais: Bouon Anniversaithe!

Kannada (India): Huttida Habba Subashayagalu!

Kapangpangan (Philippines): Mayap a Kebaitan

Kashmiri (India): Voharvod Mubarak Chuy!

Kazakh (Kazakstan): Tughan kuninmen!

Klingon: Quchjaj qoSlIj!

Korean: Saeng il chuk ha ham ni da!

Kurdish: Rojbun a te piroz be!

Kyrgyz: Tulgan kunum menen!

Latin: Fortuna dies natalis!

Latvian: Daudz laimes dzimsanas diena!

Lithuanian: Sveikinu su gimtadieniu! or Geriausi linkejimaigimtadienio progal

Luganda: Nkwagaliza amazalibwa go amalungi!

Luxembourgeois: Vill Gleck fir daei Geburtsdaag!

Macedonian: Sreken roden den!

Malayalam (India): Pirannal Aasamsakal! or Janmadinasamsakal!

Malaysian: Selamat Hari Jadi!

Maltese: Nifrahlek ghal gheluq sninek!

Maori: Kia huritau ki a koe!

Marathi (India): Wadhdiwasachya Shubhechha!

Mauritian: Kreol mo swet u en bonlaniverser!

Mbula (Umboi Island, Papua New Guinea): Leleng Ambai pa mbeng ku taipet i!

Mongolian: Torson odriin mend hurgee!

Navajo: bil hoozho bi’dizhchi-neeji’ ‘aneilkaah!

Niederdeutsch (North Germany): Ick gratuleer di scheun!

Nepali: Janma dhin ko Subha kamana!

Norwegian: Gratulerer med dagen!

Oriya (India): Janmadina Abhinandan!

Papiamento (lower Dutch Antilles): Masha Pabien I hopi aña mas!

Pashto (Afganistan): Padayish rawaz day unbaraksha!

Persian: Tavalodet Mobarak!

Pinoy (Philippines): Maligayang kaarawan sa iyo!

Polish: Wszystkiego Najlepszego! or Wszystkiego najlepszego zokazji urodzin!

wszystkiego: najlepszego z okazji urodzin

Portuguese (Brazil): Parabens pelo seu aniversario! or Parabenspara voce! or Parabens e muitas felicidades!

Portugis: Feliz Aniversario! or Parabens!

Punjabi (India): Janam din diyan wadhayian!

Rajasthani (India): Janam ghaanth ri badhai, khoob jeeyo!

Romanian: La Multi Ani!

Rosarino Basico (Argentina): Feneligiz Cunumplegeanagonos!

Russian: S dniom razhdjenia! or Pazdravliayu s dniom razhdjenia!

Sami/Lappish: Lihkos Riegadanbeaivvis!

Samoan: Manuia lou aso fanau!

Sanskrit (India): Ravihi janmadinam aacharati!

Sardinian (Italy): Achent’annos! Achent’annos!

Schwyzerduetsch (Swiss German): Vill Glück zum Geburri!

Serbian: Srecan Rodjendan!

Slovak: Vsetko najlepsie k narodeninam!

Slovene: Vse najboljse za rojstni dan!

Sotho: Masego motsatsing la psalo!

Spanyol: Feliz Cumplea–os!

Sri Lankan: Suba Upan dinayak vewa!

Sundanese: Wilujeng Tepang Taun!

Surinamese: Mi fresteri ju!

Swahili: Hongera! or Heri ya Siku kuu!

Swedish: Grattis pŒ fšdelsedagen

Syriac: Tahnyotho or brigo!

Tagalog (Philippines): Maligayang Bati Sa Iyong Kaarawan!

Taiwanese: San leaz quiet lo!

Tamil (India): Piranda naal vaazhthukkal!

Telugu (India): Janmadina subha kankshalu!

Telugu: Puttina Roju Shubakanksalu!

Thai: Suk San Wan Keut!

Tibetan: Droonkher Tashi Delek!

Tulu(Karnataka – India): Putudina dina saukhya!

Turkish: Dogum gunun kutlu olsun!

Ukrainian: Mnohiya lita! or Z dnem narodjennia!

Urdu (India): Janam Din Mubarak

Urdu (Pakistan): Saalgirah Mubarak!

Vietnamese: Chuc Mung Sinh Nhat!

Visayan (Philippines): Malipayong adlaw nga natawhan!

Welsh: Penblwydd Hapus i Chi!

Xhosa (South Afican): Imini emandi kuwe!

Yiddish: A Freilekhn Gebortstog!

Yoruba (Nigeria): Eku Ojobi!

Zulu: (South Afican) Ilanga elimndandi kuwe

Global Warming speech

28 Feb

This is my speech and already used in a contest. 

Free to use but ask me first. Credits belong to me and internet.

Good morning/afternoon/evening.

May God bless all of you.

First of all, thank God that all of we can gather here with a healthy body and mind. And I would like to say thank you to the teacher and my entire friend that has given me an opportunity for a speech on this nice day…

Have you ever feel that day to day, the temperature is increasing? This is what we called global warming.  An increasing of the earth’s temperature. It said that this is the biggest problem in this century.

In 1824, Joseph Fourier found that atmosphere can be emerged by sun’s light. But not all of them can be reflected out. Then about 30 years later, John Tyndall found that gasses that trapped heat are the carbon dioxide and finally that’s those molecules named greenhouse gasses.

This greenhouse effect is the main cause of the global warming. This effect is an effect where sun light reflected to the earth is trapped inside the atmosphere. The sun’s energy is absorbed by the earth and reflected again in the shape of infrared by the earth’s surface and the cloud, but largely is trapped. Actually in normal state, the effect is needed to keep the earth warm, about 30o C.

The cause of the greenhouse effect is the increasing of carbon dioxide and the other gasses in this atmosphere. This is because of the combustion of fuel and other organic contain that surpasses the plant and sea’s capability to absorb it.

The other cause of global warming is the solar variation. It is a change in sun’s radiation. Greenhouse gases and solar forcing affect temperatures in different ways. While both increased solar activity and increased greenhouse gases that are expected to warm the troposphere, an increase in solar activity should warm the stratosphere, while an increase in greenhouse gases should cool the stratosphere.

Continued global warming could have many damaging effects. For example, the weather becomes unstable. The scientists predict the arctic ice is melting due to global warming. Because of that the ocean’s surface is slowly increasing. The ocean surface said had increase 10- 25 cm during the 20th century and the scientists predict more. The global temperature has also increase 1o every 100 years. Small it is, but have you realize 1o is this hot?

With that, all live without exceptions are threatened. Trees which are the antidote for the greenhouse effect had been logged. Every day, a soccer field sized field of tree has been log. We must realize it’s not the same as past, when we and nature live all happily. Now, we hurt each other. Cruel, isn’t it?

One more example is here, in our country. The lapindo brantas case. It’s very terrible that there is no one could stand against that. Even now there isn’t any solution.

We as the young generation cannot just remain seated while nature suffering. We are blessed, but there are people who aren’t this lucky. They suffered. They’re dying every day. It is true that along with the globalization, people’s knowledge and awareness is increasing and they are reducing it little by little. Many bio friendly technologies are discovered. The plant has been replant one by one. But we still have to do something, right?

Firstly, plant a tree. This could be easier than it sounds. Join or help out a local wildlife group and ask to plant a tree. Trees, when fully grown, will help keep the planet cooler. On the same point, you could protest against the demolition of the rainforests. This is the same principle, we need the trees to cool our planet and yet they are chopping them down to create roads or homes.

Something as simple as walking instead of taking the car will help reduce pollution. As well as stopping pollution, you are giving yourself exercise, something important for our bodies. So the next time you get into your car, or your motorbike, think – do I have to make this journey by vehicle or can I walk?

When you are at home, and you’re getting a little cold, put a jumper on and do not adjust the heating. The extra heat produced by our homes also affects the planet. So try wearing an extra layer in winter.

If possible, buy your fruit and vegetables from local suppliers. And try to avoid imported goods. The more foreign food that we import the more pollution from airplanes and boats it will create.

Keeping to the speed limit can also help the environment. The more you speed the more petrol you are going to use, making the pollution higher. Also, SUV’s make about six times their own weight in CO2 each year. A small efficient diesel car covering the same distance not only uses much less fuel; it makes two thirds less.

If possible use solar energy, after all it is free; all you need to buy is the equipment. You can get much of your hot water and heating from the sun and even generate electricity.

Reduce, reuse and recycle. Only buy what you need; don’t stock the cupboards with things you may or may not use. Reuse whatever you can, like containers and paper, and recycle what you cannot reuse. It really is as simple as that.

Finally turning off unused sources of power such as televisions and heaters will help the environment, as well as save you money.

If everybody stuck to these rules, we would be doing a great thing by protecting the earth. So please take into consideration what I have said, and try to do your part. After all, it will be our next generation that will feel the effects

This is all can I can say. Maybe this speech has a lot of shortcomings. And is there a word that isn’t pleasing you, I’m truly sorry for that.

Heal the world, make it a better place. Thank you very much.

7 WONDERS OF THE WORLD

28 Feb

Dunno which version, its a document when im 11. XD

Great Wall of China 长城 – Location : China

The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 6th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from Xiongnu attacks during the rule of successive dynasties. Several walls, referred to as the Great Wall of China, were built since the 5th century BC. The most famous is the wall built between 220–200 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang; little of it remains; it was much farther north than the current wall, which was built during the Ming Dynasty.

The Great Wall stretches over approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles) from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia, but stretches to over 6,700 km (4,160 miles) in total. At its peak, the Ming Wall was guarded by more than one million men. It has been estimated that somewhere in the range of 2 to 3 million Chinese died as part of the centuries-long project of building the wall.

Petra- Location :Jordan

Petra, the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. It is renowned for its rock-cut architecture. Petra is also one of the new wonders of the world.

The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was discovered by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It was famously described as “a rose-red city half as old as time” in a Newdigate prize-winning sonnet by John William Burgon. UNESCO has described it as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage. In 1985, Petra was designated a World Heritage Site.

Christ the Redeemer (statue) – Location :Brazil

Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1] The statue stands 38 metres (120 ft) tall weighs 700 short tons (635 tonnes), and is located at the peak of the 700 metres (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city. It is the tallest of its kind in the world. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone. A symbol of Christianity, the statue has become an icon of Rio andBrazil.

The idea for erecting a large statue atop Corcovadowas first suggested in the mid 1850s, when Catholic priest Pedro Maria Boss requested financing from Princess Isabel to build a large religious monument. Princess Isabel did not think much of the idea and it was completely dismissed in 1889, when Brazil became a Republic, with laws mandating the separation of church and state.The second proposal for a large landmark statue on the mountain was made in 1921 by the Catholic Circle of Rio. The group organised an event called Semana do Monumento (“Monument Week”) to attract donations and collect signatures to support the building of the statue. The donations came mostly from Brazilian Catholics. The designs considered for the “Statue of the Christ” included a representation of the Christian cross, a statue of Jesus with a globe in his hands, and a pedestal symbolizing the world. The statue of Christ the Redeemer with open arms was chosen.

Machu Picchu- Location : Peru

Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,400 meters (7,875 ft) above sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. The river is a partially navigable headwater of the Amazon River. Often referred to as “The Lost City of the Incas”, Machu Picchu probably is the most familiar symbol of the Inca Empire. It is also one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

It was built around the year 1460, but was abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later, at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire. Although known locally, it was said to have been forgotten for centuries when the site was brought to worldwide attention in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American historian. Since then,Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction. It has recently come to light that the site may have been discovered and plundered several years previously, in 1867 by a German.

Chichen Itza- Location :Mexico

Chichen Itza is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization located in the northern center of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the Yucatán state, present-day Mexico.

Chichen Itzawas a major regional focal point in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal Classic and into the early portion of the Early Postclassic period. The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, from what is called “Mexicanized” and reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico to the Puuc style found among the Puuc Maya of the northern lowlands. The presence of central Mexican styles was once thought to have been representative of direct migration or even conquest from central Mexico, but most contemporary interpretations view the presence of these non-Maya styles more as the result of cultural diffusion.

Colosseum – Location :Italy

The Colosseum or Roman Coliseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of the city of Rome, Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering.

Occupying a site just east of the Roman Forum, its construction started between 70 and 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under Titus, with further modifications being made during Domitian’s reign (81–96). The name “Amphitheatrum Flavium” derives from both Vespasian’s and Titus’s family name (Flavius, from the gens Flavia).

Originally capable of seating around 80,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. As well as the gladiatorial games, other public spectacles were held there, such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine. It has been estimated that about 500,000 people and over a million wild animals died in the Colosseum games.

The Colosseum is also depicted on the Italian version of the five-cent euro coin.

Taj Mahal – Location :India

The Taj Mahal , is a mausoleum located in Agra, India, that was built under Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal (also “the Taj”) is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Turkish, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was cited as “the jewel of Muslim art inIndia and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage.”

While the white domed marble and tile mausoleum is most familiar, Taj Mahal is an integrated symmetric complex of structures that was completed around 1648. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer of the Taj Mahal.

Great Pyramid ofGiza- Location :Egypt

Note : Honorary status (the last remaining ancient wonder of the world)

The Great Pyramid of Giza, also called Khufu’s Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu, and Pyramid of Cheops, is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt, and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian King Khufu (Cheops in Greek) and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. Originally the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface, and what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories regarding the Great Pyramid’s construction techniques. Most accepted construction theories are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place.

There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid. The lowest chamber is cut into the bedrock upon which the pyramid was built and was unfinished. The so-called Queen’s Chamber and King’s Chamber are higher up within the pyramid structure. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the main part of a complex setting of buildings that included two mortuary temples in honor of Khufu (one close to the pyramid and one near the Nile), three smaller pyramids for Khufu’s wives, an even smaller “satellite” pyramid, a raised causeway connecting the two temples, and small mastaba tombs surrounding the pyramid for nobles

%d bloggers like this: