Tag Archives: Text

Types of Unusual Letters

29 Mar

There are so many letter i dont know here

So, well, yeah…

1. Dear John Letter

“Dear John letter” is a letter written to a husband or boyfriend by his wife or girlfriend to inform him their relationship is over, usually because the author has found another lover. Dear John Letters are often written out of an inability or unwillingness to inform the person face to face. The reverse situation, in which someone writes to his wife or girlfriend to break off the relationship, is referred to as a “Dear Jane letter.”

While the exact origins of the phrase are unknown, it is commonly believed to have been coined by Americans during World War II. Large numbers of American troops were stationed overseas for many months or years, and as time passed many of their wives or girlfriends decided to begin a relationship with a new man rather than wait for their old one to return.

As letters to servicemen from wives or girlfriends back home would typically contain affectionate language (such as “Dear Johnny”, “My dearest John”, or simply “Darling”), a serviceman receiving a note beginning with a curt “Dear John” would instantly be aware of the letter’s purpose.

A writer in the Democrat and Chronicle of Rochester, NY, summed it up in August 1945:

“Dear John,” the letter began. “I have found someone else whom I think the world of. I think the only way out is for us to get a divorce,” it said. They usually began like that, those letters that told of infidelity on the part of the wives of servicemen… The men called them “Dear Johns”.

An early reference to Dear John letters was made in a United Press article of March 21, 1944.[1]

There are a number of theories on why the name John is used rather than any other. John was a common name in the United States at the time the term was coined. John is also the name used in many other terms that refer to an anonymous man or men, such as “John Doe” or “John Smith”. Another possible source for the term is the “Dear John” soap opera which was on the radio from 1933 to 1944.

The phrase “that’s all she wrote” is believed to have originated from Dear John letters. These letters would contain either the words “Dear John” and abruptly terminate, or only contain the words “Dear John, goodbye.” The phrase “that’s all she wrote” is used to indicate the end of story or an abrupt end of story, especially when the reader has a desire to know more, but the writer does not want to fulfill that desire. An example of this connection can be found in the 1951 country hit “Dear John” by Hank Williams. In this song, the chorus proceeds as “…And that’s all she wrote, Dear John…”

2. Chain Letter

A typical chain letter consists of a message that attempts to convince the recipient to make a number of copies of the letter and then pass them on to as many recipients as possible. Common methods used in chain letters include emotionally manipulative stories, get-rich-quickly pyramid schemes, and the exploitation of superstition to threaten the recipient with bad luck or even physical violence or death if he or she “breaks the chain” and refuses to adhere to the conditions set out in the letter. Chain letters started as actual letters that one received in the mail. Today, chain letters are generally no longer actual letters. They are sent through email messages, postings on social network sites, and text messages.

There are two main types of chain letters:

  1. Hoaxes – Hoaxes attempt to trick or defraud users. A hoax could be malicious, instructing users to delete a file necessary to the operating system by claiming it is a virus. It could also be a scam that convinces users to send money or personal information. Phishing attacks could fall into this.
  2. Urban legends – Urban legends are designed to be redistributed and usually warn users of a threat or claim to be notifying them of important or urgent information. Another common form are the emails that promise users monetary rewards for forwarding the message or suggest that they are signing something that will be submitted to a particular group. Urban legends usually have no negative effect aside from wasted time.

In the United States, chain letters that request money or other items of value and promise a substantial return to the participants (such as the infamous Make Money Fast scheme) are considered a form of gambling and therefore illegal.[1] Other types of chain letters are viewed as a general nuisance in that frequently multiplying letters clog up the postal system and do not function as correspondence mail, but rather, a game. Some colleges and military bases have passed regulations stating that in the private mail of college students and military personnel, respectively, chain letters are not authorized and will be thrown out. However, it is often difficult to distinguish chain letters from genuine correspondence.

3. Epistle

An epistle (play /ɨˈpɪsəl/; Greek ἐπιστολή, epistolē, ‘letter’) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. The epistle genre of letter-writing was common in ancient Egypt as part of the scribal-school writing curriculum. The letters in the New Testament from Apostles to Christians are usually referred to as epistles. Those traditionally attributed to Paul are known asPauline epistles and the others as catholic (i.e., “general”) epistles.

4. Hate Mail

Hate mail (as electronic, posted, or otherwise) is a form of harassment, usually consisting of invective and potentially intimidating or threatening comments towards the recipient. Hate mail often contains exceptionally abusive, foul or otherwise hurtful language.

The recipient may receive disparaging remarks concerning their ethnicity, sexuality, religion, intelligence, political ideology, sense of ethics, or sense of aesthetics. The text of hate mail often contains profanity, or it may simply contain a negative, disappropriating message.

Forensic linguists have increasingly been called upon to identify authorship of hate mail. See for example ‘Wordcrime’ a case file series by John Olsson, UK forensic linguist, which details several cases.

5. Cease and Desist

cease and desist is an order or request to halt an activity (cease) and not to take it up again later (desist) or else face legal action. The recipient of the cease-and-desist may be an individual or an organization.

In the U.S. the term is used in two different contexts. A cease-and-desist order can be issued by a judge or government authority, and has a well-defined legal meaning. In contrast, a cease-and-desist letter can be sent by anyone, although typically they are drafted by a lawyer.

6. Poison Pen Letter

poison pen letter is a letter or note containing unpleasant, abusive or malicious statements or accusations about the recipient or a third party. It is usually sent anonymously. Poison pen letters are usually composed and sent to upset the recipient. They differ fromblackmail, which is intended to obtain something, in that they are purely malicious.

The US Federal Bureau of Investigation used poison pen letters as a tactic during their COINTELPRO projects, targeting people such asMartin Luther King Jr.[1] Some politicians, such as Harvey Milk, as well as many celebrities, have often received poison pen letters.

With the advent of e-mail and the general decline in letter writing, poison pen letters have become something of a rarity.

7. National Letter of Intent

The National Letter of Intent (NLI) is a document used to indicate a student athlete’s commitment to participating NCAA colleges and universities in the United States. The NCAA Eligibility Center manages the daily operations of the NLI program while the Collegiate Commissioners Association (CCA) provides governance oversight of the program. Started in 1964 with seven conferences and eight independent institutions, the program now includes 616 Division I and II participating institutions.

NLIs are typically faxed by the recruited student to the university’s athletic department on a national signing day.

The NLI is a voluntary program with regard to both institutions and student-athletes. No prospective student-athlete or parent is required to sign the National Letter of Intent, and no institution is required to join the program.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epistle http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chain_letter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hate_mail http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Letter_(message) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Letter_of_Intent http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poison_pen_letter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cease_and_desist http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dear_John_letter


Letters, and how…

12 Mar

Yo!!! :3

Mii’s back again~~

Guys! I got a homework, about letters.

We have to presentate Letters, in a group of3, in 3 points: a. What b. Criteria c. How

I got how, the hardest-_- uurghhh!!


As you have know, a letter is a written message containing information from one party to another.

Now, how can we know this text, is a letter?

The easiest way is to see if there is a frame framing it.

For example, like this…

But, it doesnt always work, so just think it as a shortcut~

Then, there is many other easy way.

1. See if the first word in the text is Dear, ToFor, Hello, etc.

But maybe there are congratulation text which use them too so becareful.

2. See if the first word in the letter itself is How are you, How’s life, etc.

3. See if there is a signature or a name of the sender in the bottom of the text, and with word Cheers, With love, Your friend, Yours, Love, Regards, Sincerely, and such.

4. For e-mails questions, there must be a From, To, and Subject.

The letters come with questions:

a. Purpose (What is the purpose of the text?). For this question, you have to read really carefully the text.

b. Meaning (What does the underlined word means?). Here, you have to be a dictionary yourself. :3 But the word itself isn’t really hard, i guess.

c. Reasoning(Why is…). You have to read the text carefully too.

d.  Conclusion (we know that…). Just read the text carefully-_-

Goldilocks and the three bears

28 Feb

Just feelin’ like post this~

Goldilocks and the bears.

Once upon a time in a large forest, close to a village, stood the cottage where the Teddy Bear family lived. They were not really proper Teddy Bears, for Father Bear was very big, Mother Bear was middling in size, and only Baby Bear could be described as a Teddy Bear.

Each bear had its own size of bed. Father Bear’s was large and nice and comfy. Mother Bear’s bed was middling in size, while Baby Bear had a fine little cherrywood bed that Father Bear had ordered from a couple of beaver friends.

Beside the fireplace, around which the family sat in the evenings, stood a large carved chair for the head of the house, a delightful blue velvet armchair for Mother Bear, and a very little chair for Baby Bear.

Neatly laid out on the kitchen table stood three china bowls. A large one for Father Bear, a smaller one for Mother Bear, and a little bowl for Baby Bear.

The neighbors were all very respectful to Father Bear and people raised their hats when he went by. Father Bear liked that and he always politely replied to their greetings. Mother Bear had lots of friends. She visited them in the afternoons to exchange good advice and recipes for jam and bottled fruit. Baby Bear, however, had hardly any friends. This was partly because he was rather a bully and liked to win games and arguments. He was a pest too and always getting into mischief. Not far away, lived a fair-haired little girl who had a similar nature to Baby Bear, only she was haughty and stuck-up as well, and though Baby Bear often asked her to come and play at his house, she always said no.

One day, Mother Bear made a nice pudding. It was a new recipe, with blueberries and other crushed berries. Her friends told her it was delicious. When it was ready, she said to the family:

“It has to be left to cool now, otherwise it won’t taste nice. That will take at least an hour. Why don’t we go and visit the Beavers’ new baby? Mummy Beaver will be pleased to see us.” Father Bear and Baby Bear would much rather have tucked into the pudding, warm or not, but they liked the thought of visiting the new baby.

‘We must wear our best clothes, even for such a short visit. Everyone at the Beavers’ will be very busy now, and we must not stay too long!” And so they set off along the pathway towards the river bank. A short time later, the stuck-up little girl, whose name was Goldilocks, passed by the Bears’ house as she picked flowers.

“Oh, what an ugly house the Bears have!” said Goldilocks to herself as she went down the hill. “I’m going to peep inside! It won’t be beautiful like my house, but I’m dying to see where Baby Bear lives.’ Knock! Knock! The little girl tapped on the door. Knock! Knock! Not a sound…

“Surely someone will hear me knocking,” Goldilocks said herself, impatiently. “Anyone at home?” she called, peering round the door. Then she went into the empty house and started to explore the kitchen.

“A pudding!” she cried, dipping her finger into the pudding Mother Bear had left to cool. “Quite nice!” she murmured, spooning it from Baby Bear’s bowl. In a twinkling, the bowl lay empty on a messy table. With a full tummy, Goldilocks went on exploring.

“Now then, this must be Father Bear’s chair, this will be Mother Bear’s, and this one must belong to my friend, Baby Bear. I’ll just sit on it a while!” With these words, Goldilocks sat herself down onto the little chair which, quite unused to such a sudden weight, promptly broke a leg. Goldilocks crashed to the floor, but not in the least dismayed by the damage she had done, she went upstairs.

There was no mistaking which was Baby Bear’s bed.

“Mm! Quite comfy!” she said, I bouncing on it. “Not as nice as mine, but nearly! Then she yawned. I think I’ll lie down, only for a minute just to try the bed.” And in next to no time, Goldilocks lay fast asleep in Baby Bear’s bed. In the meantime, the Bears were on their way home.

“Wasn’t the new Beaver baby ever so small?” said Baby Bear to his mother. Was I as tiny as that when I was born?”

“Not quite, but almost,” came the reply, with a fond caress. From a distance, Father Bear noticed the door was ajar.

“Hurry!” he cried. “Someone is in our house . . .” Was Father Bear hungry or did a thought strike him? Anyway, he dashed into the kitchen. “I knew it! Somebody has gobbled up the pudding.”

“Someone has been jumping up and down on my armchair!” complained Mother Bear.

“and somebody’s broken my chair!” wailed Baby Bear.

Where could the culprit be? They all ran upstairs and tiptoed in amazement over to Baby Bear’s bed. In it lay Goldilocks, sound asleep. Baby Bear prodded her toe.

“Who’s that? Where am I?” shrieked the little girl, waking with a start. Taking fright at the scowling faces bending over her, she clutched the bedclothes up to her chin. Then she jumped out of bed and fled down the stairs.

“Get away! Away from that house!” she told herself as she ran, forgetful of all the trouble she had so unkindly caused. But Baby Bear called from the door, waving his arm:

“Don’t run away! Come back! I forgive you, come and play with me!”

And this is how it all ended. From that day onwards, haughty rude Goldilocks became a pleasant little girl. She made friends with Baby Bear and often went to his house. She invited him to her house too, and they remained good friends, always.

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